Peels are specially formulated and concentrated to literally peel away the outer layers of dead or damaged skin cells. First the skin is prepped to receive an even application of clinical peel solution. Once neutralized, the skin is cooled and protected with an SPF. The applied solution helps speed up the exfoliation (or sloughing) process. Peels lift skin congestion and clear the skin follicle, resulting in smoother, clearer and more radiant skin. In the 5–7 days prior to treatment, it is imperative that patients discontinue all forms of topical vitamin A (retinol) and other abrasive treatment agents. Downtime varies from none to several days, depending on the type and strength of the peel.